The gyromitrin poisoning syndrome

Intoxication caused by the ingestion of certain ascomycetes, mostly dangerous when eaten raw, half-cooked, cooked in a enclosed area or without discarding the cooking water. Children are most sensitive to it, as well as persons affected by favisme (deficiency in G6 PD = Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase, common in people of Mediterranean or African origins), therefore most sensitive to the methylhydrazine produced by the decomposition of gyromitrine in the stomach. Incubation : long (from 4 to 48 hours).

toxic compounds involved: gyromitrine, a derivative of hydrazine, and most specifically monomethylhydrazine, produced by the decomposing of gyromitrine in the stomach (lethal laboratory dose : 1 mg of gyromitrine /kg)

Signs of intoxication : irregular and variable symptoms

After a recovery which is only apparent, in some cases a second phase may start (36 to 48 heures later) with :

Treatment :

Responsible species :

Other intoxications by mushrooms

page updated on 25/06/15