Intoxication caused by muscarineIncubation : short (1 to 4 hours after ingestion, less than 6 hours). The intoxication may prove deadly in the most serious cases.
Toxic compound involved : muscarine
Signs of intoxication :
- Nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping, increased gastric acid secretion, diarrhea and polyuria, digestive pains.
- lacrimation, rhinorrhea (runny nose), increased salivation, intense sweating.
- Tremor, convulsions and hypothermia.
- Hot sweats, blurred vision.
- Constriction of the pupil (miosis).
- Antidote : atropine sulfate, either by oral medication, or injections in serious cases (0,25 to 1 mg, depending on situation)
- possibly, gastric lavage
Responsible species :
- Numerous Inocybes : White Fibrecap, Lilac Fibrecap, Deadly Fibrecap, Split Fibrecap, etc.
- Small white Clitocybes: Fool's Funnel, Clitocybe gallinacea, Frosty Funnel, Clitocybe diatreta, Chicken Run Funnel, Fragrant Funnel, Clitocybe dilatata, Clitocybe leucodiatreta, etc.
- Members of the Lilac Bonnet group: Lilac Bonnet , Pink Mycena (which contains other toxic compounds), etc.
Note: the Fly Agaric contains only a very small amount of muscarine, in spite of what its name would suggest.
page updated on 25/06/15